What is Cold Start Doctrine India Initiated Against Pakistan?



Indian army follows Cold Start Doctrine

  • Pakistan Prime Minister reacts; “Developed short-range nuclear weapons” says Shahid Khaqan Abbasi

Following the sharp escalating tension between India and Pakistan, the Indian army initiated a new military doctrine, known as The Cold Start Doctrine. Timely and effective retaliation without envisaging a nuclear attack is the aim of this doctrine.

Cold Start Doctrine follows a Proactive strategy wherein readiness and surprise is the key factor. The mobilization of army during an attack takes time. However, with Cold Start Doctrine, India shall be prepared for an attack, without giving Pakistan, the benefit of time , reported India Today .

Following an attack on the Indian Parliament, in 2001, it took 3 weeks for the Indian army to reach the frontier. The Cold Start Doctrine replaced, the earlier, Sundarji Doctrine. The attack had put forward the various loopholes in the previous doctrine.

In the same year, Operation Vijay Bhava was propelled to set coordination between 50,000 troops from various branches. The main aim of the operation was to reduce the mobilisation time to 48 hours, in contrast to the previous 3 weeks. Operation Sudarshan Shakti was launched to improve the coordination between ground and air forces, detailed India Today.


The Cold Start doctrine also aims at talking strategic measures without provocating the border country, for a nuclear War. Cold Start is conceived as a plan to attack Pakistan within 48 hours of any major terror attack reports Livemint.

Earlier this year, Chief of Army Staff General Bipin Rawat said that “Future wars will be short and intense. So, one has to be prepared to move and mobilise fast.”

Pakistan’s Prime Minister, Shahid Kakhan Abbasi, during an interaction cum interview at the Council of Foreign Relation in New York, said that “”We have a very robust and secure command-and-control system over our strategic nuclear assets. Time has proved that it’s a process that is very secure. It’s a process that has complete civilian oversight through the NCA (Nuclear Command Authority).”

He also responded to the Cold Start Doctrine and said that “As far as tactical nuclear weapons (are concerned), we do not have any fielded tactical nuclear weapons. We have developed short-range nuclear weapons as a counter to the ‘Cold Start’ doctrine that India has developed. Again, those are in the same command-and-control authority that controls the other strategic weapons,”

In the wake of recent events, both India and Pakistan have tried to display their power. However, there is dire need to maintain peace between the two neighbouring nations.


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