About The Lost River Saraswati
The Lost River Saraswati in North West India was considered to be the holiest & mightiest river of Vedic Period(8000-5000 BP). The discovery of the sites of Harappan civilization along the banks of River Saraswati also gives us an indication of it that it existed for sure.
During the past years, there have been many speculations that whether River Saraswati really existed or not. There have been many endless debates on religious grounds too. But this time we have definite proofs that it really was here. One of the Key factors for the determination was done by validating Palaeochannels, by mapping them using Remote Sensing & Geographic Information system.
Let’s showcase the work by various departments to help us understand fully that what are the potentials:
Work Done by RRSC-W, Jodhpur(1996-2014)
- Delineation of Palaeochannels in Rajasthan(1996-2002)
Palaeochannels of lost River Saraswati, buried below sands of Thar Desert, was done using IRS P3 & IRS 1C LISS-III satellite data.
- Delineation of Palaeochannels in Haryana & Punjab(2002-2008)
The Saraswati river system(present-day drainages along with palaeochannels) in Haryana & Punjab has been studied in detail by using IRS P6 AWiFS, LISS-III satellite data.
- Saraswati Delta structure in Rann of Kachchh in Gujarat(2008-2010)
Digital image processing of IRS-P6 & Radarsat SAR images reveals deltaic drainage pattern which is made up of complex intertwined channels.
- Linkage of Vedic Saraswati from Mann Sarovar to Dwarka(2010-14)
The Entire course of Saraswati palaeochannels have been delineated from the Himalayan foothills to the Rann of Kachchh. Based on all these scientific evidence, the course of river Saraswati may be linked from Mansarovar in Higher Himalayas to Dwarka in Arabian sea coast during late Quaternary Period.
Ground Validation of the Palaeochannels:
- Published maps of Dutch, Italian, British & Mughal periods.
- Drilling of tube wells by GWD & Central Ground Water Board.
- Age of Groundwater.
- Archaeological sites.
Book Launch of
Prehistoric River Saraswati, Western India: Geological Appraisal and Social Aspects (Society of Earth Scientists Series)
To give more authority for the struggle to revive river Saraswati, this book has been released. This book portrays the Himalayan-born River Saraswati, a legendary river that was the lifeline of a progressive and vibrant society for more than three thousand years. Written in simple language and richly illustrated, it highlights the events that resulted in the robbing of the Saraswati of its water and the end of a wonderful culture. The author weaves a geological narrative out of a mass of data generated by explorers, archaeologists, sedimentologists, geohydrologist, seismologists and remote-sensing specialists.
About the Author:
K S Valdiya is a distinguished Scientist, Academician, Author, and an active Environmentalist known for his contributions in the field of geodynamics. A 2007 recipient of Padma Shri, he was honored again by the Government of India in 2015 with Padma Bhushan, the third highest Indian civilian award.
Slaying with Conclusion
Discovering the exact source of Vedic Saraswati river & its perennial source was a challenging task among the researchers due to lack of a proper scientific database. Combined efforts of ISRO, CGWB & RRSC-W made it possible to collect & make use of all this data from where the future prospects include reviving the river by recharging its Palaeochannels for the sake of our cultural heritage, irrigation purposes & boost to tourism sector as well.