The UN summit 2020 Environment Programme (UNEP) has announced that next Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) Conference of Parties 13 (CMS COP13) also known as a Global Wildlife Conference will be organized by India. The announcement was made in Manila, Philippines on the last day of the week-long 12th session of the Conference of the Parties 12 (COP12) to CMS. It is the largest-ever meeting in the 38-year history of the convention. It is concerned with the conservation of wildlife and habitats on a global scale. This was for the first time the UN summit was held in Asia and 91 countries participated in the CMS COP that is held once in three years.
CMS Executive Secretary Bradnee Chambers quoted that “An intensive week of negotiations have resulted in a stronger commitment by countries to step up their efforts to conserve the planet’s migratory wildlife.”
The main objective of the UN summit saw some notable outcomes, including a vulture multi-species action plan to better protect 15 species of Old World Vulture in more than 120 countries, comprising four that are critically endangered in India. They also agreed on to cooperate on reducing the negative impacts of marine debris, noise pollution, renewable energy and climate change on migratory species. The proposal to add the Chinkara (Indian gazelle) was withdrawn while other mammals like African wild ass, the most endangered wild equid in the world, Przewalski’s Horse and four species of Lasiurus Bat will get benefits from the additional protection. The theme of the UN summit was ‘Their future is our future’- sustainable development for wildlife and people.
UN Environment Executive Director Erik Solheim said that “sustainable development goals were directed at both people and planet. The new technologies and political commitment could protect both the planet and bring development to people with the same policies.”