Today is observed as World Tuberculosis Day throughout the world. TB is an infectious bacterial infection. What are TB’s symptoms, how it spreads, and its treatment? This topic is covered in the article.
World Tuberculosis Day 2023
World TB Day (World Tuberculosis Day 2023) is observed annually on March 24 across the globe. The goal of this day is to raise awareness of tuberculosis. The microorganism Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes tuberculosis.
The lungs are afflicted with a bacterial infection. Moreover, the disease might progress to the brain and spine. Today, on World TB Day, please inform us of the signs of tuberculosis and how it can be prevented.
Symptoms of TB
There are no symptoms associated with latent TB. It is detectable with a skin or blood test. In active TB, however, phlegm can persist for more than three weeks.
It is characterized by chest pain, bloody coughing, exhaustion, night sweats, chills, fever, appetite loss, and weight loss. If you experience any of these symptoms, you should consult a physician and undergo testing.
Due to TB
TB is caused by bacteria that, like influenza, move through the air. It is a contagious disease that can only be transmitted by direct contact with an affected individual. Aside from this, the risk is higher for HIV patients, healthcare workers, and cigarette smokers.
With a strong immune system, TB germs can be fought off, but if you have HIV, diabetes, kidney illness, cancer of the head or neck, or are underweight, you are susceptible to this disease. Those using medications for arthritis, Crohn’s disease, and psoriasis are also more likely to develop tuberculosis.
How Does TB Spread
Although tuberculosis is contagious, it does not spread quickly. This is only likely if you reside with an active TB patient for an extended period of time. Typically, it comes from coworkers, friends, and family members. Its pathogens are not present on any surface, nor are they transmitted by handshakes or meal sharing.
Even in the beginning phases of TB treatment, appropriate precautions must be taken. During treatment, patients should consume nutritional foods, exercise, practice yoga, and live a regular life.
Continue to take the doctor’s recommendations on occasion. TB can also be treated by taking many medications for 6 to 9 months.