After BJP pulled out of the coalition with PDP in Jammu & Kashmir on Tuesday, CM Mehbooba Mufti resigned. President Ram Nath Kovind, thereafter, approved Governor’s Rule(Section 92 of the State’s Constitution) on 20th June, Wednesday.
One of the crucial reasons cited by BJP, for it’s plan to implement Governor’s Rule in the State was increased radicalisation and a further deterioration of the militancy problem in Kashmir.
The Centre believes that the Mufti-led government was inefficient and hence, Governor’s rule in needed to tackle the militancy situation.
Having heard that, let us briefly make an analysis of Jammu and Kashmir politics since Independence and understand how the militancy problem arose in the valley.
ANALYSIS OF JAMMU & KASHMIR POLITICS- RISE OF MILITANCY:
1948: Sheikh Abdullah became PM( as the CM of Jammu & Kashmir was known back then) and initiated policies benefitting ordinary people.
1953: Dismissed and kept in detention due to differences with the Congress’s Centre on Kashmir’s status.
1953-1974: Alternative Leadership did not enjoy as much popular support. Congress’s Centre supported it, and thus Congress had a lot of influence in the State politics. Allegations of malpractices during elections. Ultimately the party merged with Congress and now, the Centre had direct control on Kashmir.
1974: Indira Gandhi reached an agreement with Sheikh Abdullah and he became the CM. His party, National Conference, was elected with a majority in 1977.
1982: Sheikh Abdullah expired. His son Farooq Abdullah became the CM with popular support. Governor dismissed him. A feeling of resentment grew and the faith the Kashmiris had developed on the democratic processes after the Indira Gandhi-Sheikh Abdullah pact, was again on a decline.
1986: National Conference(NC) agreed to have an electoral alliance with the Congress, ruling party at the Centre, while it was dismissed by the same and it could receive a majority on it’s own.
1987: NC- Congress alliance won the assembly election and Farooq Abdullah came to power. A common belief that the election process was rigged as it did not reflect popular choice.
Popular belief was that the Centre has been intervening in the State politics since independence and will not allow the Kashmiris to govern themselves. Democratic processes were continuously being undermined to allow the Centre a control on Kashmir.
This loss of faith in Democracy, and anger resulted in a political crisis in Jammu and Kashmir, aiding the rise of militancy.
The police force and the army have merged their powers to tackle the militants. I cannot predict how successful the Governor’s Rule will be, but the fact remains that the Centre is trying to cure the disease with the same ingredient that caused it in the first place, over-interference of the Centre.
The Narendra Modi government had promised to cure the Kashmir problem in it’s manifesto in 2014. However, little has changed in the valley since. Let us wait and watch how the Modi government implements it’s promise in the few months remaining before the 2019 elections.