October 22, 2008 marked India’s first ever moon mission. The Chandrayan mission was an unmanned mission to moon to analyze the surface. But, the mission was not as smooth as butter. It indeed required much effort and time to build a masterpiece. Ten years later, the Chandrayan-2 is all packed to follow the suits of the predecessor. The times of India reported that the second probe will find its way into the space within few weeks.
The mission carried out a range of experiments before it went out of its orbit. Since then, Indian Space Research Organization lost its tracks. But before getting lost, the probe provided results that most probably answered a series of questions. The probe also collected a significant amount of data while being into the lunar orbit. Furthermore, the data helped the scientists at ISRO to study moon’s chemistry, geography, and mineral contents.
Findings of Chandrayan-1
There were various observations carried out by Chandrayan. The mission was a collaboration of NASA that equipped the unmanned vehicle with various instruments on board. One of them was essentially the Mineralogy Mapper.
- The moon mineralogy mapper helped in creating the first global map on the moon soil.
- The device also accounted for substantial water concentration on the moon terrains irrespective of previous discoveries. The previous hypothesis circled around the theory that water deposits are likely to found in the polar caps.
- A second instrument, the Mini-Synthetic Aperture Radar found water deposits in the craters of the moon.
- The third instrument on the Chandrayan-1 was the Moon Impact Probe. The instrument picked up the traces of water in the moon’s exosphere.
All these were related to the direct evidence of water on Moon.
But, ISRO lost the track of the moon vehicle on August 29, 2009. The mission continued to barely a year. Yet, the discoveries were not abominable. However, the NASA scientists determined that Chandrayan was still circling the lunar orbit and later on found the spacecraft.
Marina Brozovic, a radar scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, and principal investigator for the test project stated
We have been able to detect NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) and the Indian Space Research Organisation’s Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft in lunar orbit with ground-based radar
What’s with the successor spacecraft?
Following the footprints of previous mission, Chandrayan-2 is set at 800 crores. According to a press statement by the ISRO Chairman K Sivan, ANI tweeted Chandrayan-2 will be the major mission in January. Maybe one of the most complex missions.
ISRO states that the schedule launch of the spacecraft will be on 3 January, 2019. The launch will takes place on the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV MK III). The spacecraft weighs around 3,890 kg. It will also carry a rover and a lander. The satellite will orbit around the moon. It will study the topography, mineralogy, and exosphere along with the lunar conditions.
K. Sivan also addressed the media that ISRO will take reviews from experts from international agencies as well. They are in constant investigations and reconfiguration to avoid any disaster or interruption to the mission.