October 16 was observed as World Food Day to tackle global hunger & achieve a Hunger free world but unfortunately, even after all these years of the establishment of United Nation’s Food and Agricultural Organisation, we are still dealing with hunger issues which possess a significant role in economic burden. It affects both nation and an individual.
Who is Hungry?
According to a report, one among every nine people goes hungry to bed. A total of 795 million people around the world do not have enough food to live a healthy and active life. People suffering from hunger which leads to malnutrition, development disabilities, low productivity and much more. The highest number of malnourished people lives in Asia and the Pacific according to a study.
According to the Global Hunger index report of International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), India is at a rank of 100 among the 119 countries ranked by IFPRI. India’s rank is even lower than its poorer neighbour countries like Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Myanmar. Surprisingly China is at rank 29.
Why are they Hungry?
Lack of access to food is the biggest cause of the hunger. According to a study, most of the hungry people live in the countries with surplus food not the one with the food shortage. The accessibility of food is one of the major cause in all these countries. Besides this, lack of infrastructure, storage facilities, natural disaster, climate change, chronic poverty and frequent war are some of the other causes of hunger. Drought and unpredictable rainfall also add to it. One-third of the food produced in the world gets lost or wasted every year and it roughly amounts to be 680 billion dollars in developed countries and 310 billion dollars in developing countries with fruits and vegetables having the highest wastage rates.
How can we end up this problem?
- Stop wastage
Strengthening the supply chain through direct support of farmers and investments in infrastructure, etc. as well as an expansion of the food and packaging industries will help in reducing the loss and wastage of food.
- Reduce poverty
Reducing poverty is the ultimate key to stop wastage as economic growth has always been a key to reduce hunger.
There are many organisations that work towards reducing hunger by collecting unused produce and reallocate it to the places or people in need. This ultimately helps the people in need as well as in reducing the amount of food that ends up in the landfill.