Another complex planetary system is right next door to us
Some new observations were made by Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) observatory in Chile. Scientists have detected dust belts around Proxima Centauri. The finding indicates the presence of elaborate planetary system hosted by the closest star to the solar system.
What new research reveals about Proxima Centauri?
The new research reveals the emission from clouds of cold cosmic dust surrounding the star. It revealed glow coming from cold the dust in the region between one to four times as far from Proxima Centauri as Earth is from Sun. It also reveals the presence of even cooler outer dust belt and may indicate the presence of the system of planets. These structures are similar to much larger belts in the solar system and are also expected to be made from particles of rock and ice that failed to form planets.
So, the nearest star to our Solar System, Proxima Centauri, may not have just one planet orbiting around it. But the star may host a whole complex planetary system around it. The dust belts clearly indicate that the star is home to many more objects like rocks of the size of asteroids and even more planets that we haven’t seen yet.
Enrique Macías, an astronomer at Boston University said that “So we think that whenever there is a planet around a star, there’s going to be some kind of asteroid belt as well. It’s just debris from the formation of the system. That’s what we were looking for.”
Past researchs about Proxima Centauri
Proxima Centauri is a faint red dwarf lying just four light years away in southern constellation of Centaurus. It is an earth like planet and hosts a habitat. Its habitable zone was discovered in 2016.
For weeks, media have been reporting rumors that a potentially habitable planet is circling the star closest to our sun, a red dwarf called Proxima Centauri. But observations in Chile with a ALMA telescope have revealed that a planet about as massive as Earth that orbits Proxima Centauri, which is a cosmic walk to the corner store at just 4.25 light-years away. If conditions are right, the planet is in an orbit that’s warm enough for liquid water to survive on its surface. The Centauri has temperatures right for water to pool on a planet’s surface. Which makes the world a prime candidate for studying and even visiting, if we ever send a probe to another star.